Several months before the department closed-in middle-1961, the collection got introduced its capital update system, which will involve the construction regarding twigs all around the city from sixties. The best bidder demolished they quickly, protecting just the foundation. (24) The latest library that was noticed an option to the brand new Coloured Part launched during the 3511 Reed Road, in the a mainly black colored community. City and you will collection authorities dedicated the new studio, named new W. L. D. Johnson Sr. Branch honoring among the many founders of your unique Coloured Carnegie Library, for the Summer sixteen, 1964 (Houston Public Library, 1966, p. 17).
Cole, T. Roentgen. (1997). Zero color are my kind: The life out-of Eldrewey Stearns additionally the consolidation out-of Houston. Austin: College regarding Texas Drive.
Kellar, W. H. (1999). Generate rush much slower: Moderates, conservatives, and you will college desegregation for the Houston. School Station: Tx A beneficial&Yards College or university Force.
Pitre, Yards. (1999). From inside the battle up against Jim-crow: Lulu B. Light together with NAACP, 1900-1957. University Channel: Texas A beneficial&Yards University Press.
(dos.) Herman Wright in order to Mrs. Roy L. Arterbury, November 17, 1950; Harriet Dickson Reynolds in order to Wright, November 21, 1950, HPL Moments, v. ten, 1948-1950.
(step 3.) Harriet Dickson Reynolds so you can Herman W. Mead, November 24, 1950, HPL Times v. 10, 1948-1950; Board People head to Gran (undated typescript), HPL Moments, v. eleven, 1951-1953.
(nine.) A glance at Jack Valenti, retrieved , off Valenti met Lyndon Baines Johnson from inside the 1955 and soon after supported below President Johnson as the their unique assistant until 1966, when he retired in order to become lead of your Motion picture Connection away from The usa, an article the guy stored up to middle-2004.
(13.) Harriet Dickson Reynolds in order to Tend to Grams. Sears, June dos, 1953; Sears to Reynolds, July 21, 1953, HPL, Times v. eleven, 1951-1953.
(15.) Minutes, Fulfilling of Board Players, July 21 and you can December eleven, 1953, HPL Times, v. eleven, 1951-1953; HPL Annual Statement 1953 (typescript).
(18.) Coloured Carnegie Department: Demolishment: Questions brought out during the Board Appointment regarding June a dozen, 1959, HPL Minutes, v. 14, 1958-1960.
(twenty-four.) Times, Typical Conference out of Board Participants, February 23, 1962, 4; Moments, Normal Fulfilling regarding Panel Users, October 13, 1961, step three, HPL Minutes, v. 15, 1961-1962.
Cheryl Knott Malone is a part teacher on the School regarding Suggestions Resources and you will Collection Research at the College of Arizona, in which she instructs advice literacy training, online searching, government advice sources and you may plan, and other programmes. In addition to researching and you can discussing the real history out-of libraries to own African Us citizens throughout the segregated Southern, she’s employed in a collective study of your innovation and you will impression out-of commercial group.
Within the 1913 the latest Colored Carnegie Library launched the the strengthening nearby, once again financed by patron who had produced many into the steel. The fresh Coloured Carnegie Collection operate by themselves up until 1921, in the event it became a department of newly renamed Houston Societal Collection (Malone, 1999). From the 1953 the device incorporated part of the collection downtown, half dozen twigs, several quick put programs, as well as 2 bookmobiles, most of the to the personal accessibility whites, plus the Coloured Carnegie Branch and you may three deposit station inside an excellent high school, a basic college, and a playground to own African People in the us (Houston Personal Collection, 1958, p. 2).
For the election regarding Roy M. Hofheinz just like the erican people began to change. Following getting office early in 1953, Hofheinz appointed Gould Beech, his administrator assistant, so you can indicates the library panel. Beech went along to the newest board’s fulfilling from inside the March, where the panel spoke which have your from the strategies for increasing the library’s budget. Then he broached the main topic of desegregation, asking board members what they regarded the choice. Introduce had been board players Arterbury, Mrs. A good. T. Carleton, and Carl F. Stuebing and you will librarian Reynolds, however their solutions commonly filed in the moments of fulfilling. (5)
Reynolds informed the newest board one she is concerned with desegregating children’s functions. She pointed out that library service to youngsters involved a lot more than the source and you can flow features generally speaking utilized by grownups. The brand new collection offered pupils story circumstances, paid clubs, and you may fostered other group activities that will be construed while the which have a personal component. Some light mothers create target so you’re able to such as for instance factors in the event the black colored people participated, Reynolds said. Therefore, she demanded, the new collection will be bring a progressive method of desegregated services because of the growing accessibility grownups. Black colored adults would be permitted to use the main library’s mature range and you can understanding bedroom. The newest talk you to definitely adopted touched on what the latest board participants spotted because associated circumstances, eg if whites and you can blacks would be permitted to explore an identical toilets, drinking water fountains, and you can bar bed room. Board participants thought the phrase «mature.» The newest board along with talked about new management conditions that you are going to happen as the collection personnel tried to manage restrictions that applied to the their customer base not anybody else. Board member Waldo Bernard gone that they accept Reynolds’s testimonial to help you desegregate adult attributes. However, nobody seconded the fresh motion. Valenti went that the procedure qualify on a subsequent conference, and everybody consented. (12)
Inspite of the altered policy at central collection, the newest Colored Carnegie Branch proceeded its products, with emphasis on functions for kids and teenagers. The new department librarian, Anita Sterling, visited four elementary universities and one elderly high in their efforts to help you appeal young adults in making use of brand new library. She organized a training bar to have toddlers, stored tale times for the kids, and you can hosted various affairs into the observation out of Publication Few days. She in addition to filed articles and you will advice to help you regional press so you can publicize this new branch. Given that at main collection, TSUN students was relatively hefty profiles of your own branch’s series and you may attributes. (16)
On its conference when you look at the July of 1961, the fresh board voted unanimously to close this new Colored Carnegie Department due to the fact off July 29, and no personal statement. (22) Reynolds sent an excellent memorandum to Mayor Lewis Cutrer informing your out-of the point that and listing that branch circulated only ten courses daily. She hoping the latest mayor one to a beneficial bookmobile perform continue steadily to go to mainly black colored neighborhoods towards a frequent schedule. Following she approved the importance of the brand new board’s act. «To your closing of the Colored Carnegie Branch,» Reynolds typed, «the latest library method is for everyone basic aim incorporated.» (23)